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Mechanical Core Industry Job Oppurtunities

HVAC industry offers good potential for numerous careers in various fields as in Design & Drafting, Execution & Maintenance, AC Technicians and sales & Marketing. Apart, it also provides scope even for self employment and entrepreneurship. HVAC industry can even thrive in times of poor economy. According to US Bureau of Labor Statistics, a typical Technician can earn around US $18 dollars per Hour, narrating the work and economical potential of the industry. If any one want to know more about this topic Comment below

Dhanush Mep

Dhanush Mep

 

Novel Rotary-Turbo-InFlow Tech / Gearturbine Project – Featured Development

*GEARTURBINE PROJECT: Atypical InFlow Thermodynamic Technology Proposal Submission Innovative [TURBO-ROTARY] Novel (Fueled) Motor Engine Type -The Gearturbine comes from the contemporary ecological essential global needs of an efficient power plant fueled motor engine. -Power thrust by bar (tube); air, sea, land and power generation, work use application. *Have the similar simple basic system of the "Aelopilie" Heron´s Steam Turbine device from Alexandria, [10-70 AD] one thousand nine hundred years ago. Because; the circular dynamic motion, with 2/Two Opposites power [polar position] lever, and is feeds from his axis center. YouTube Video/10.30 min; * Atypical New · GEARTURBINE / Retrodynamic = DextroRPM=> VS <=LevoInFlow + Ying Yang Thrust Way Type - Non Waste Looses http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0cPo9Lf44TE -Desirable Contemporary Innovation, With the Possible [Efficient] Invention. -Mechanical [Thermodynamic] Universal Human History Evolution. [unlike] Epic Technology Revelation. -Next Step Power-plant New Design Form Function Device Change. *8-X/Y Thermodynamic CYCLE - Way Steps: 1)1-Compression / bigger 2)2-Turbo 1 cold 3)2-Turbo 2 cold 4)2-Combustion - circular motion flames / opposites 5)2-Thrust - single turbo & planetary gears / ying yang 6)2-Turbo 2 hot 7)2-Turbo 1 hot 8)1-Turbine / bigger *Innovation Technology Break Barrier / Paradigm [broken-Seal] Solution. State of the art. Innovative Turbo-Rotary concept Top system. -With Retrodynamic Dextrogiro vs. Levogiro Phenomenon Effect. / Rotor-RPM VS InFlow / front=> to <=front; "Collision-Interaction Type" - inflow vs. blades-gear-move. Technical unique dynamic innovative motion mode. [Retrodynamic Reaction = When the inflow have more velocity the rotor have more RPM Acceleration, with high (XY Position) Momentum] Which the internal flow (and rotor) duplicate its speed, when activated being in a rotor (and inflow) with [inverse] opposite Turns. A very strong Novel concept of torque power thrust. At field explanatory example with a metaphor is like if a sailboat take the wind from his prow front to move; wind/inflow + knots/rpm + wind/inflow + knots/rpm + wind/inflow + knots/rpm + etc... = Acceleration x Acceleration = Exponential Acceleration. Whereas it has more movements forwards, it receives a frontal impulse still but to move more forwards. A present example of the implementation of the Retrodynamic effect is in the application in the accelerator (and collider) of particles that this in the border of Switzerland and France. -Shape-Mass + Rotary-Motion = Inertia-Dynamic / Form-Function Wide [Flat] Cylindrical shape + positive dynamic rotary mass = continue Inertia kinetic positive tendency motion / all the complete Rotary motor mass weight is going with the power thrust move circular direction. -Non-waste parasitic looses system for cooling, lubrication & combustion; -Lubrication & Combustion, inside a conduit radial position, out way direction, activated by Centrifugal Force-Fueled Injected. -Cooling; a) IN-Thermomix flow, & OUT-Air Thermo transference. -Combustion 2Two [inside-Rotary-Dynamic] continue circular [Rockets] flames. Like two dragons trying to bite the tail of the [ying yang] opposite other.-Increase the first compression by going of flow reduction of one big circumference blades going pass to 2TWO reduced, very long distance (total captive compression) INFLOW [inside propulsion] CONDUITS [long flow interaction] [like a digestive system] Start were ends, in perfect shape balance in perfect equilibrium well balanced, like a snake bite his own tale. -4 TURBOS Rotary [inside-rotary-active] [in-Flow, Out-Flow] Total Thrust-Power Regeneration [Complete] Power System. -Mechanical direct 2two [small] "Planetary Gears" at polar position. Like the Ying Yang Symbol/Concept. Wide out the Rotor circumference were have much more lever [HIGH Torque] POWER THRUST. -Military benefits, No blade erosion by sand & very low heat target profile.-3 stages of inflow turbo compression before combustion; 1)1-Turbine, 2)2-Turbos 3)2-Turbos. -And 3 points of power thrust; 1-flow way, 2-gear, 3-turbine. *The most innovative power plant motor engine project today. Higher efficient % percent. Next trend wave toward global technological coming change. Patent; Dic. 1991 IMPI Mexico #197187 - Carlos Barrera. - Individual Designer - Inventor and project owner. / All Rights Reserved. - Monterrey NL Mexico.   _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________   Featured Project Development - State of the Art Novel InFlowTech; 1Gearturbine RotaryTurbo 2Imploturbocompressor One Compression Step: *1-GEARTURBINE PROJECT Rotary-Turbo-InFlow Tech Atypical InFlow Thermodynamic Technology Proposal Submission Novel Fueled Motor Engine Type State of the art Innovative concept Top system Higher efficient percent.*Power by bar, for Air-Planes, Sea-Boats, Land-Transport & Dynamic Power-Plant Generation. -Have similar system of the Aeolipile Heron Steam device from Alexandria 10-70 AD. -New Form-Function Motor-Engine Device. Next Step, Epic Design Change, Broken-Seal Revelation. -Desirable Power-Plant Innovation. YouTube; * Atypical New • GEARTURBINE / Retrodynamic = DextroRPM VS LevoInFlow + Ying Yang Thrust Way Type - Non Waste Looses -This  innovative concept consists of hull and core where are held all 8 Steps of the work-flow which make the concept functional. The core has several gears and turbines which are responsible for these 8 steps (5 of them are dedicated to the turbo stages). The first step is fuel compression, followed by 2 cold turbo levels. The fourth step is where the fuel starts burning – combustion stage, which creates thrust for the next, 5th step – thrust step, which provides power to the planetary gears and turbines and moves the system. This step is followed by two hot turbo steps and the circle is enclosed by the final 8th step – bigger turbine. All this motion in a retrodynamic circumstance effect, wich is plus higher RPM speed by self motion. The Reaction at front of the action. 8-X/Y Thermodynamic CYCLE - Way Steps: 1)1-Compression / bigger 2)2-Turbo 1 cold 3)2-Turbo 2 cold 4)2-Combustion - circular motion flames / opposites 5)2-Thrust - single turbo & planetary gears / ying yang 6)2-Turbo 2 hot 7)2-Turbo 1 hot 8)1-Turbine / bigger -With Retrodynamic Dextrogiro vs Levogiro Phenomenon Effect. / Rotor-RPM VS InFlow / front to front; "Collision-Interaction Type" - inflow vs blades-gear-move. Technical unique dynamic innovative motion mode. [Retrodynamic Reaction = When the inflow have more velocity the rotor have more RPM Acceleration, with high (XY Position) Momentum] Which the internal flow (and rotor) duplicate its speed, when activated being in a rotor (and inflow) with [inverse] opposite Turns. The Reaction at front of the action. A very strong Novel torque power concept. -Non waste parasitic looses for; friction, cooling, lubrication & combustion. -Shape-Mass + Rotary-Motion = Inertia-Dynamic / Form-Function Wide [Flat] Cylindrical shape + positive dynamic rotary mass = continue Inertia positive tendency motion. Kinetic Rotating Mass. Tendency of matter to continue to move. Like a Free-Wheel. -Combustion 2Two continue circular [Rockets] flames. [ying yang] opposite one to the other. – With 2TWO very long distance INFLOW [inside propulsion] CONDUITS. -4 TURBOS Rotary Total Thrust-Power Regeneration Power System. -Mechanical direct 2two [Small] Planetary Gears at polar position. -Like the Ying Yang Symbol/Concept. -The Mechanical Gear Power Thrust Point Wide out the Rotor circumference were have much more lever [HIGH Torque] POWER THRUST. -No blade erosion by sand & very low heat target signature profile. -3 points of power thrust; 1-flow way, 2-gear, 3-turbine. *Patent; Dic. 1991 IMPI Mexico #197187 All Rights Reserved. Carlos Barrera. *2-IMPLOTURBOCOMPRESSOR; One Moving Part System Excellence Design - The InFlow Interaction comes from Macro-Flow and goes to Micro-Flow by Implossion - Only One Compression Step; Inflow, Compression and outflow at one simple circular dynamic motion Concept. ·“Excellence in Design" because is only one moving part. Only one unique compression step. Inflow and out flow at the same one system, This invention by its nature a logic and simple conception in the dynamics flow mechanics area. The invention is a wing made of one piece in a rotating motion, contained in a pair cavity system connected by implocavity, and interacting dynamically with a flow, that passes internally "Imploded" through its simple mechanism. This flow can be gas (air) or liquid (water). And have two different applications, in two different form-function; this one can be received (using the dynamic flow passage, as a receiver). Or it can be generated (with a power plant, generating a propulsion). An example cut be, as a Bike needs a chain to work from motor to wheel. And for the Imploturbocompressor application, cut be as; in a circumstance at the engine, as an A-activate flow, and with a a tube flow conduit going to the wheel as a B-receiving-flow the work use. To see a Imploturbocompressor animation, is posible on a simple way, just to check the Hurricane Satellite view, and is the same implo inflow way nature. And when the flow that is received and that is intended to be used at best, must no necessarily by a exhausting or rejection gas, but must be a dynamic passing gas or liquid flow with the only intention to count it or to measure it. This could be possible at the passing and interacting period when it passes inside its simple mechanism. This can be in any point of the work flow trajectory. In case the flow that is received is a water falling by gravity, and a dynamo is placed on the rotary bar, the Imploturbocompressor can profit an be obtained by generating? electricity such as obtained by the pelton well, like I say before. The "Imploturbocompressor", is a good option to pump water, or a gas flow, and all kinds of pipes lines dynamic moves.  Or only receive the air-liquid flow, in order to measure its passage with a counter placed on the bar, because when this flow passes through the simple mechanism of a rotating wing made of only one piece it interacts within the implocavities system. And this flow can be air wind, with the difference of can have an horizontal work position, and that particle technical circumstances make an easy way for urban building work new use application, and have wind flow from all the sides 180 grades view. The aforementioned information about this invention refers to technical applications, such as a dynamic flow receiver. (whether being gas or liquid). With the appropriate power plant and the appropriate dimensioning and number of RPM this invention is also feasible to generate an atmospheric air propulsion and the auto-propulsion of an aircraft. Being an effective and very simple system that implodes and compresses the atmospheric air permits the creation of a new concept of propulsion for aircrafts, due to its simple mechanism and innovative nature. At the place of the aircraft were the system appears and the manner how the propulsion direction can be oriented with a vectorial flow (no lobster tail) with I call "yo-yo system" (middle cut (at the shell) to move, one side loose), guided and balanced is feasible to create a new concept of TOVL-vertical take-off landing, Because the exhaust propulsion can going out radial in all the 360 vectorial positions, going out direct all the time in all the vectors direction. With his rotor cover for an better furtive fly, like going down of a bridge for example. Likewise, with the due form and dimensioning, and considering the liquid density and the due revolutions for this element there could be generated a propulsion (water) in order to move an aquatic ship, whether on surface or under water. Also can be a good option to pump liquid combustion for a rocket propulsion. Making a metaphoric comparison with the intention to expose it more clearly for a better comprehension of this innovative technical detail, it would be similar to the trajectory and motion of a dynamic flow compared with a rope (extended) that passes through the system would have now a knot (without obstructing the flow), so the complete way of the flow at the imploturbocompresor system have three direct ways and between make two different turns; direct way (entrance) - turn - direct way (implocavity) - turn - direct way (exit), all this in a 1 simple circular move system concept. Its prudent to mention that the curves and the inclinations of the blades of a rotating wing made of this invention, is conferred by its shape and function a structural rigidity allowing it to conduct and alter appropriately the dynamic flow passing through its system. 1326 W *Author; Carlos Barrera. Inventor-Individual/Self Taught. Monterrey, NL Mexico 66220. Resume; *State of the Art - Novel InFlow Tech - Featured Project Development; |/ ·1; Rotary-Turbo-InFlow Tech / - GEARTURBINE PROJECT Have the similar basic system of the Aeolipilie Heron Steam Turbine device from Alexandria 10-70 AD * With Retrodynamic = DextroRPM VS LevoInFlow + Ying Yang Way Power Type - Non Waste Looses *8X/Y Thermodynamic CYCLE Way Steps. 4 Turbos, Higher efficient percent. No blade erosion by sand & very low heat target signature Pat:197187IMPI MX Dic1991 Atypical Motor Engine Type. |/·2; Imploturbocompressor; One Moving Part System Excellence Design - The InFlow Interaction comes from Macro-Flow and goes to Micro-Flow by Implossion - Only One Compression Step; Inflow, Compression and outflow at one simple circular dynamic motion / New Concept. To see a Imploturbocompressor animation, is possible on a simple way, just to check an Hurricane Satellite view, and is the same implo inflow way nature. Tags; Aero, aerodynamics, aeolipile, alternative, applied, atypical, bang, blow, change, combustion, compression, compressor, concept, cycle, design, development, device, dynamic, ecological, efficient, electrolysis, emerging, energy, engine, engineering, flow, gear, gearturbine, generator, idea, imploturbocompressor, in, industry, inflow, information, innovation, invention, investigation, jet, mechanical, momentum, motion, motor, new, next, on, paradigm, power, project, propulsion, reaction, research, retrodynamic, rotary, rotor, scientific, shock, squeeze, suck, system, task, tech, technical, technology, thermodynamic, thrust, tip, top, torque, total, transport, trends, turbine, turbo, turbomachinery, type, unconventional, unlike, unpresedent, vtol, wave, weird,   

retrodynamic

retrodynamic

 

State of the Art Novel InFlowTech: 1-Gearturbine/RotaryTurbo-LikeAeolipile 10–70AD, 2-Imploturbocompressor/ One Compression Step, From Macro to Micro

Featured Project Development - State of the Art Novel InFlowTech; 1Gearturbine RotaryTurbo 2Imploturbocompressor One Compression Step: *1-GEARTURBINE PROJECT Rotary-Turbo-InFlow Tech Atypical InFlow Thermodynamic Technology Proposal Submission Novel Fueled Motor Engine Type *Wordpress Blog State of the Art Novel InFlow Gearturbine Imploturbocompressor *1-GEARTURBINE BEHANCE Images Gallery Portafolio -YouTube; * Atypical New • GEARTURBINE / Retrodynamic = DextroRPM VS LevoInFlow + Ying Yang Thrust Way Type - Non Waste Looses State of the art Innovative concept Top system Higher efficient percent.*Power by bar, for Air-Planes, Sea-Boats, Land-Transport & Dynamic Power-Plant Generation. -Have similar system of the Aeolipile Heron Steam device from Alexandria 10-70 AD. -New Form-Function Motor-Engine Device. Next Step, Epic Design Change, Broken-Seal Revelation. -Desirable Power-Plant Innovation. -This  innovative concept consists of hull and core where are held all 8 Steps of the work-flow which make the concept functional. The core has several gears and turbines which are responsible for these 8 steps (5 of them are dedicated to the turbo stages). The first step is fuel compression, followed by 2 cold turbo levels. The fourth step is where the fuel starts burning – combustion stage, which creates thrust for the next, 5th step – thrust step, which provides power to the planetary gears and turbines and moves the system. This step is followed by two hot turbo steps and the circle is enclosed by the final 8th step – bigger turbine. All this motion in a retrodynamic circumstance effect, wich is plus higher RPM speed by self motion. The Reaction at front of the action. 8-X/Y Thermodynamic CYCLE - Way Steps: 1)1-Compression / bigger 2)2-Turbo 1 cold 3)2-Turbo 2 cold 4)2-Combustion - circular motion flames / opposites 5)2-Thrust - single turbo & planetary gears / ying yang 6)2-Turbo 2 hot 7)2-Turbo 1 hot 8)1-Turbine / bigger -With Retrodynamic Dextrogiro vs Levogiro Phenomenon Effect. / Rotor-RPM VS InFlow / front to front; "Collision-Interaction Type" - inflow vs blades-gear-move. Technical unique dynamic innovative motion mode. [Retrodynamic Reaction = When the inflow have more velocity the rotor have more RPM Acceleration, with high (XY Position) Momentum] Which the internal flow (and rotor) duplicate its speed, when activated being in a rotor (and inflow) with [inverse] opposite Turns. The Reaction at front of the action. A very strong Novel torque power concept. -Non waste parasitic looses for; friction, cooling, lubrication & combustion. -Shape-Mass + Rotary-Motion = Inertia-Dynamic / Form-Function Wide [Flat] Cylindrical shape + positive dynamic rotary mass = continue Inertia positive tendency motion. Kinetic Rotating Mass. Tendency of matter to continue to move. Like a Free-Wheel. -Combustion 2Two continue circular [Rockets] flames. [ying yang] opposite one to the other. – With 2TWO very long distance INFLOW [inside propulsion] CONDUITS. -4 TURBOS Rotary Total Thrust-Power Regeneration Power System. -Mechanical direct 2two [Small] Planetary Gears at polar position. -Like the Ying Yang Symbol/Concept. -The Mechanical Gear Power Thrust Point Wide out the Rotor circumference were have much more lever [HIGH Torque] POWER THRUST. -No blade erosion by sand & very low heat target signature profile. -3 points of power thrust; 1-flow way, 2-gear, 3-turbine. *Patent; Dic. 1991 IMPI Mexico #197187 All Rights Reserved. Carlos Barrera. *2-IMPLOTURBOCOMPRESSOR; One Moving Part System Excellence Design - The InFlow Interaction comes from Macro-Flow and goes to Micro-Flow by Implossion - Only One Compression Step; Inflow, Compression and outflow at one simple circular dynamic motion Concept. https://www.behance.net/gallery/21691891/Imploturbocompressor ·“Excellence in Design" because is only one moving part. Only one unique compression step. Inflow and out flow at the same one system, This invention by its nature a logic and simple conception in the dynamics flow mechanics area. The invention is a wing made of one piece in a rotating motion, contained in a pair cavity system connected by implocavity, and interacting dynamically with a flow, that passes internally "Imploded" through its simple mechanism. This flow can be gas (air) or liquid (water). And have two different applications, in two different form-function; this one can be received (using the dynamic flow passage, as a receiver). Or it can be generated (with a power plant, generating a propulsion). An example cut be, as a Bike needs a chain to work from motor to wheel. And for the Imploturbocompressor application, cut be as; in a circumstance at the engine, as an A-activate flow, and with a a tube flow conduit going to the wheel as a B-receiving-flow the work use. To see a Imploturbocompressor animation, is posible on a simple way, just to check the Hurricane Satellite view, and is the same implo inflow way nature. And when the flow that is received and that is intended to be used at best, must no necessarily by a exhausting or rejection gas, but must be a dynamic passing gas or liquid flow with the only intention to count it or to measure it. This could be possible at the passing and interacting period when it passes inside its simple mechanism. This can be in any point of the work flow trajectory. In case the flow that is received is a water falling by gravity, and a dynamo is placed on the rotary bar, the Imploturbocompressor can profit an be obtained by generating? electricity such as obtained by the pelton well, like I say before. The "Imploturbocompressor", is a good option to pump water, or a gas flow, and all kinds of pipes lines dynamic moves.  Or only receive the air-liquid flow, in order to measure its passage with a counter placed on the bar, because when this flow passes through the simple mechanism of a rotating wing made of only one piece it interacts within the implocavities system. And this flow can be air wind, with the difference of can have an horizontal work position, and that particle technical circumstances make an easy way for urban building work new use application, and have wind flow from all the sides 180 grades view. The aforementioned information about this invention refers to technical applications, such as a dynamic flow receiver. (whether being gas or liquid). With the appropriate power plant and the appropriate dimensioning and number of RPM this invention is also feasible to generate an atmospheric air propulsion and the auto-propulsion of an aircraft. Being an effective and very simple system that implodes and compresses the atmospheric air permits the creation of a new concept of propulsion for aircrafts, due to its simple mechanism and innovative nature. At the place of the aircraft were the system appears and the manner how the propulsion direction can be oriented with a vectorial flow (no lobster tail) with I call "yo-yo system" (middle cut (at the shell) to move, one side loose), guided and balanced is feasible to create a new concept of TOVL-vertical take-off landing, Because the exhaust propulsion can going out radial in all the 360 vectorial positions, going out direct all the time in all the vectors direction. With his rotor cover for an better furtive fly, like going down of a bridge for example. Likewise, with the due form and dimensioning, and considering the liquid density and the due revolutions for this element there could be generated a propulsion (water) in order to move an aquatic ship, whether on surface or under water. Also can be a good option to pump liquid combustion for a rocket propulsion. Making a metaphoric comparison with the intention to expose it more clearly for a better comprehension of this innovative technical detail, it would be similar to the trajectory and motion of a dynamic flow compared with a rope (extended) that passes through the system would have now a knot (without obstructing the flow), so the complete way of the flow at the imploturbocompresor system have three direct ways and between make two different turns; direct way (entrance) - turn - direct way (implocavity) - turn - direct way (exit), all this in a 1 simple circular move system concept. Its prudent to mention that the curves and the inclinations of the blades of a rotating wing made of this invention, is conferred by its shape and function a structural rigidity allowing it to conduct and alter appropriately the dynamic flow passing through its system. 1326 W *Author; Carlos Barrera. Inventor-Individual/Self Taught. Monterrey, NL Mexico 66220. Resume; *State of the Art - Novel InFlow Tech - Featured Project Development; |/ ·1; Rotary-Turbo-InFlow Tech / - GEARTURBINE PROJECT Have the similar basic system of the Aeolipilie Heron Steam Turbine device from Alexandria 10-70 AD * With Retrodynamic = DextroRPM VS LevoInFlow + Ying Yang Way Power Type - Non Waste Looses *8X/Y Thermodynamic CYCLE Way Steps. 4 Turbos, Higher efficient percent. No blade erosion by sand & very low heat target signature Pat:197187IMPI MX Dic1991 Atypical Motor Engine Type. |/·2; Imploturbocompressor; One Moving Part System Excellence Design - The InFlow Interaction comes from Macro-Flow and goes to Micro-Flow by Implossion - Only One Compression Step; Inflow, Compression and outflow at one simple circular dynamic motion / New Concept. To see a Imploturbocompressor animation, is possible on a simple way, just to check an Hurricane Satellite view, and is the same implo inflow way nature. Tags; Aero, aerodynamics, aeolipile, alternative, applied, atypical, bang, blow, change, combustion, compression, compressor, concept, cycle, design, development, device, dynamic, ecological, efficient, electrolysis, emerging, energy, engine, engineering, flow, gear, gearturbine, generator, idea, imploturbocompressor, in, industry, inflow, information, innovation, invention, investigation, jet, mechanical, momentum, motion, motor, new, next, on, paradigm, power, project, propulsion, reaction, research, retrodynamic, rotary, rotor, scientific, shock, squeeze, suck, system, task, tech, technical, technology, thermodynamic, thrust, tip, top, torque, total, transport, trends, turbine, turbo, turbomachinery, type, unconventional, unlike, unpresedent, vtol, wave, weird,           

retrodynamic

retrodynamic

 

type of gearbox

What are the different type of gear box? What are the different between general purpose and special purpose gearbox? what are the safety feature for gearbox in hazardous area?

parsottam

parsottam

 

Invitation for participation in IMF2018

Hello, I'm glad to inform you that IMF'18 is live now and you can register your participation online. As the event is quickly approaching and your early responses would be exciting. Likewise, we are putting our best efforts to make your participation in IMF more worthful. We sincerely hope you will carry back pleasing memories that you can share to inspire your friends and peers. The excitement is growing every week and will feature 5 thematic plenary workshops with more than 50 expert speakers. Plus, we've exclusive session, in fact a half-day working session that will identify the most effective ways to direct policies across some extended domains that needs more wisdom and request your active participation here.    P.S. IMF'18 is the perfect opportunity to bring your entire team to spend on the state-of-the-art trends and opportunities.    Regards, Dr. Muralidhar Lakkanna Secretary,  Inclusive Manufacturing Forum National Institute of Advanced Studies, IISc Campus, Bengaluru - 560 012, India, Phone: + 91 80 22185064 Fax: +91 - 80 – 22185028 www.inclusive-manufacturing.org

Muralidhar Lakkanna

Muralidhar Lakkanna

 

3D printed aluminium alloy parts

I got my first 3D printed aluminium alloy parts. As the image shows it looks like it’s been manufactured using casting. The 3D printing technology used to print these parts is called Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS). It’s one of many 3D printing technologies available these days  More pictures here

Senthil J Prakash

Senthil J Prakash

 

Manufacturing Process

Manufacturing processes have come a long  way since the industrial revolution and with the introduction of new technologies such as additive manufacturing, it will only get better and more advance. But as Mechanical and manufacturing engineers ( and Product designers) how well do we know various manufacturing processes available. Are we slowly losing some of the oldest manufacturing techniques.  Test your manufacturing process knowledge here and see how well you understand the different processes.... Manufacturing process survey  

Senthil J Prakash

Senthil J Prakash

 

Three-position synthesis with specific fixed pivots

======================================================================== Adapted from: Kinematics and Dynamics of Machinery by Robert L. Norton. ======================================================================== Download the much better formatted .PDF version from here: LINK ======================================================================== At times the designer would like to design a mechanism that would have to go through three positions. In this case the designer would start with the required three positions of the coupler and would work his way to decide on the location of the two pivot points for the ground link. The location of the two pivot points is not the result of the designer’s choice, but is decided by the geometry of the three positions required. This is not practical; often times the designer is constrained to work with specific pivot points to form the ground link while still achieving the required three positions by the coupler motion. This article discusses one of the simplest methods to go about doing that.     Let’s talk a look at this problem: Figure1: Problem Statement Design fourbar linkage to move the link CD shown between the positions C1D1 to C2D2 and then to C3D3. Use specified fixed pivots O2 and O4.  The first thing we need to do is to “invert” the problem. The way to do this is to think about the coupler (C1D1) as the ground instead and the ground (O2O4) as the coupler. For now we have one ground, (C1D1), and we have only one position for the coupler (O2O4). We are going to find two more positions for the now coupler (O2O4) that would correspond to the two other positions (C2D2). To do this we need to define the relation between The coupler and the ground.  Draw construction arcs from point C2 to O2 and from point D2 to O2 whose Radii define the sides of triangle C2O2D2. This defines the relationship of the fixed pivot O2 to the coupler line CD in the second coupler position. Draw construction arcs from C2 to O4 and from point D2 to O4 to define the triangle C2O4D2. This defines the relationship  of the fixed pivot O4 to the coupler line CD in the second position.   After locking the relative location of O2O4 in relation to the second position C2D2, it is  time to slide this ground, now coupler, to its new location as if it wasn’t the ground but the coupler. That’s to say, we are trying to answer the question: if C1D1 is the ground, where would the coupler, O2O4, be in the second position?   You can imagine this happening by sliding the triangle along the two lines C2C1 and D2D1. This results in a new position for O2’O4’. By doing this, we have pretended that the ground link moved from O2O4 to O2’O4’ instead of the coupler moving from C1D2 to C2D2. We have effectively inverted the problem.  Now we have two positions for the now coupler, O2O4; O2O4 and O2’O4’. We need another third position to correspond with the third position C3D3. To do this, we need to repeat the same process again by defining the relation of the link O2O4  in relation to C3D3 after that we need to shift it back to C1D1 as if the link O2O4 was the coupler not the ground.  Performing this will result in the third position O2’’O4’’. This is the relative location of the link O2O4 in its third position as a coupler in relation to the new ground link C1D1. Now we have three positions for the pretended coupler O2O4. O2O4, O2’O4’ and O2’’O4’’ Right now the problem is fully redefined; we have three positions for the newly decided coupler O2O4 and the link CD in the first location C1D1. We can now rename those three positions O2O4, O2’O4’ and O2’’O4’’ to E1F1, E2F2 and E3F3. We can now deal with the three positions as we would normally solve for three position coupler problem.  First we need to draw the lines E1E2 and E2E3. Then we have to draw the perpendicular bisectors of these lines. The bisectors will intersect in point G. We repeat the same process for point F; draw lines F1F2 and F2F3 then draw the perpendicular bisector of these lines. These two bisectors will intersect in point H. Now we have a fourbar linkage, GEFH, in which the coupler, EF, goes through three positions.  If you recall, EF is not actually our coupler. EF represents our ground O2O4. What we need to do now is to re-invert the problem again to its original form. By switching EF to be the ground link and GH to be the coupler link we reach at this linkage. Now we have our coupler, link GH, that should be connected back to the first position that we wish to achieve; C1D1. By extending link 3, GH, to reach to C1D1 we form our final mechanism that guides the coupler, link 3 (HGCD) through the three required positions. The final thing we need to do is to add a driver Dyad to drive the link O4H. This is simply done by treating O4H as rocker in a crank rocker design problem. The rocker, now O4H, has to pass through H2 and H3 to result in the required motion. Afterwards, the final mechanism is checked for toggle positions and that it can reach the required positions smoothly and in orderly fashion. In conclusion, the designer is not limited to the resulting fixed pivots for the solution of three positions coupler problems. By using the illustrated method, the design can specify the required fixed pivots and the required coupler motion and work his way around to getting those two requirements achieved. Adapted from: Kinematics and Dynamics of Machinery by Robert L. Norton.

M.Shehata91

M.Shehata91

 

LightSail Energy

LightSail Energy is one of the most eminent startups that hails from Silicon Valley founded by Danielle Fong, Steve Crane, and Ed Berlin in 2009. LightSail Energy has the concept of low-cost grid-scale energy storage solution in order to optimise power grids, democratizing access to energy and adhere on sustainable development. Investors such as Khosla Ventures, Innovacorp, Triple Point Capital, Peter Thiel, Bill Gates have invested in LightSail Energy. LightSail Energy produces one of the world cleanest and economical storage systems.The website of the startup is http://www.lightsail.com/  They have designed an excellent method of capturing heat energy and regenerating useful energy from compressing air. The process involves injecting fine, a dense mist of water spray which rapidly absorbs heat energy of compression and provides it during expansion. The system is fully reversible. To store energy, the system draws electricity from the grid and converts it into compressed air and heat. To deliver energy, compressed air and heat are turned back into electricity using the same system. The system has 300+ hours of operation, 10 degrees Celcius temperature difference, 1000 rpm reciprocating piston compressor/expander and 250 KW highest power achieved. For low-cost storage, air is packed in a convenient shipping container and for large storage, underground caverns are used. This way of storing energy could be helpful in transforming intermittent wind and solar power into baseload energy.     

Shalini Chakraborty

Shalini Chakraborty

 

VOXEL8

Voxel8 was founded in 2014 by scientists and engineers from Harvard University. This company was supported by Braemar Energy Ventures and ARCH Venture Partners. This company aims at developing digital footwear manufacturing systems which revolutionalize how footwear products are designed, manufactured and sold to the customers. In July, the company raised funding of $12 million to which Autodesk also contributed.It has also been named as one of the MIT Technology Reviews of 50 smartest companies in 2015. Voxel8's engineering grade polyurethanes are printed using ActiveMix system which enables programmable control of composition, geometry, mechanical properties of printed features on upper and 3D shapes. Voxel8 printer can pause automatically during a print to allow for electronic components to be placed inside specially printed cavities. Then the same machine can print the conductive traces connecting those components before completing the project. The ability to smoothening the printing process is done through innovative silver ink. Also, AutoDesk developed a new piece of software Project Wire from the ground to top in order to print 3D electronic devices. The digital manufacturing system of Voxel8 has short design and production cycle; utilizes zero tooling; is compact, flexible, scalable enabling localized production and distribution to minimize warehousing and shipping cost.  

Shalini Chakraborty

Shalini Chakraborty

 

can centrifugal pump handle gas with liquid?

Triple-volute centrifugal pump can handle up to 20 percent entrained air, where a typical centrifugal pump can only deal with air entrainment levels of 5 to 8 percent. Along with entrained air, cavitation is a top candidate for causing pump problems. Cavitation occurs when the pump’s internal pressures are lower than the vapor pressure of the liquid which results in rapid vapor formation within the pump which collapse as the liquid is swept into the higher pressure regions of the pump. The cavitation effect may cause material damage to the impeller and possibly casing, which is resultant of the sudden formation and implosion of vapor bubbles. The frequencies recorded of cavitation “hammering” are from 1,000 cycles per second up to 25,000 cycles per second and the resultant damage is generally termed pitting. The noise (sand, gravel, rumbling) heard outside the pump during cavitation, is caused by the collapse of the vapor bubbles. The energy expended in accelerating the liquid to high velocity in filling the void left by the bubble is a loss, and causes the drop in head associated with cavitation. The loss in capacity is the result of pumping a mixture of vapor and liquid instead of liquid. Even a slight amount of cavitation will reduce the capacity significantly. Entrained air gets into a pump, the lower-pressure bubbles become larger. If an air bubble gets big enough to cover the impeller eye, the pump becomes airbound.   A generality to keep in mind when evaluating entrained air vs. cavitation is this: 1) If it’s entrained air, the liquid entering the pump already has liquid and air. In the pump it’s liquid and air. And it comes out liquid and air. 2) With most traditional cavitation, the liquid coming into the pump is fully liquid. As soon as it hits the inlet of the pump, it starts to vaporize and comes out as liquid. Only about 75 percent of cavitation creates pump noise but the material damage is always there. In cavitation, the pitting damage on the impeller. Three rules of thumb for determining whether cavitation is causing pump performance problems: 1) Throttle the discharge and check the noise – Throttle back the pump on the discharge (not the suction) to lower the flow rate. If the pump noise goes away, it’s about an 80 percent probability that cavitation is the problem. 2) Raise the liquid level and check for noise – If you raise the liquid level in the supply tank and the pump noise goes away, it’s about an 80 percent probability of cavitation. 3) Cool the liquid and check for noise – If the process liquid is normally at 200°F and you cool it to 180°F and the pump noise goes away, it’s probably cavitation.  

parsottam

parsottam

 

Pneumatic or air braking system in automobile | Construction and working of pneumatic braking system

A brake which uses air as a working fluid is known as pneumatic brake. The system actuated to apply this phenomenon is know as pneumatic brake system. An pneumatic brake system or a compressed air brake system is a type of friction brake for vehicles in which compressed air pressing on a piston is used to apply the pressure to the brake pad needed to stop the vehicle. Construction of pneumatic braking system   The simplest air brake system consists of An air compressor A brake valve series of brake chambers at the wheels unloader valve A pressure gauge and a safety valve and an air reservoir. These are all connected by tubes. Some air braking systems may have additional components such as stop light switch low pressure indicator An air supply valve to supply air for tyre inflation A quick release air quickly from the front brake chambers when the brake pedal is released A limiting valve for limiting the maximum pressure in the front brake chambers and a relay valve to help in quick admission and release of air from the rear brake chambers. Working of pneumatic braking system The air compressor operated by the engine forces air at a pressure of 9-10 kscm (kilo standard cubic meters) through the water and oil separator to the air reservoir. The air pressure in the reservoir is indicated by a pressure gauge. The reservoir contains enough compressed air for several braking operations. From the reservoir the air is supplied to the brake valve. As long as brake pedal is not depressed, brake valves stop the passage of air to brake chambers and there is no braking effect.   When the brake pedal is depressed, the brake valves varies its position and compressed air is admitted into the wheel brake chambers. In the chambers the air acts upon flexible diaphragms, moves them the pushes out the rods connected with the levers of the brake gear cams. The cams turn and separate the shoes thus braking the wheels. When the brake pedal is released, the supply of compressed air is cut off from the brake chambers and they are connected to the atmosphere. The pressure in the chambers drops, the brake shoes are returned to their initial position and the wheels run free. The brake valve is equipped with a servo mechanism which ensures that the braking force on the shoes is proportional to the force applied to the pedal. Besides the valve imparts a relative reaction to the movement of the pedal so that the driver can sense the degree of brake application. IMAGE SOURCE :- google  

Rishabh Pandey

Rishabh Pandey

 

#44 Mouse Trap / Pendulum Dynamics Challenge

Mechanics Corner
    A Journal of Applied Mechanics and Mathematics by DrD, # 44
      Machinery Dynamics Research, 2017
     Mouse Trap / Pendulum Dynamics Challenge - Part I
Introduction     Mice are a problem all over the world, and as a result, I'm sure that there are mouse traps of various sorts found everywhere. It would be utterly amazing if this were not true! In the USA, there is a very common type of mouse trap that I have seen used all my life, the sort of system shown below in Figure 1. I want to spend a few minutes discussing this mouse trap, to be certain that all readers understand how it works, before moving on to the main part of the post. MouseTrapPendulumDynamics-1.pdf

DrD

DrD

 

#43 Four-Bar / Toggle Linkage Mechanism

Mechanics Corner A Journal of Applied Mechanics and Mathematics by DrD, #43 (c) Machinery Dynamics Research, 2017   Four-Bar / Toggle Linkage Mechanism Introduction   I believe that it would be correct to say that all of the single degree of freedom mechanisms that I have discussed on ME Forums have involved only a single loop. This might lead a reader to conclude that a single degree of freedom implies only a single loop, and vice versa, that a single loop implies only a single degree of freedom. Neither of these statements is true. In this note, I want to discuss a counter example, a mechanism called the four-bar / toggle linkage; it is shown in Figure 1. TogglePress.pdf

DrD

DrD

 

Triple Rocker

Mechanics Corner A Journal of Applied Mechanics and Mathematics by DrD July 31, 2017 Triple Rocker Over at the Kinematics of Machines club, I recently ask if anyone could show me an example of a four-bar linkage that would be classed as a triple rocker. In the terminology of four-bar linkages, a link is classed as either a crank or a rocker: Crank - can rotate in a complete circle Rocker - cannot rotate in a complete circle] Thus my question was for an example of a four-bar linkage where no link is able to rotate around a full circle. My request has not generated any answers, but fortunately, I stumbled onto one. Since the definition of a rocker is a link that cannot rotate completely, it is evident that the linkage shown is in fact a Triple Rocker. None of the links is able to move through a complete revolution. If we try to rotate the input (left) link further down, it cannot happen without stretching the combination of the coupler and the output (right) links. When the input link (left side) gets to the top, again its motion is stopped by the need to stretch the coupler and output link. Thus, a figure I drew as an illustration for something else turns out to be a Triple Rocker, the item I was looking to find. In connection with four-bar linkages, some readers will have heard of Grashof's theorem. Let s = length of shortest link L = length of the longest link p, q = lengths of the two intermediate links Grashof's theorem says that a necessary and sufficient condition for at least one link to be a crank (able to rotate entirely around), it is necessary that s + L < p + q This inequality is not satisfied for the four-bar that I drew by chance, so Grashof's theorem says that none of the links can be a crank. That is precisely the condition required for a Triple Rocker (a ground link plus three moving but not fully rotating links). So, there you have it. That is an example of a Triple Rocker, and we now have the criteria for identifying such as a four-bar linkage that does not satisfy Grashof's Theorem.    

DrD

DrD

 

Engine

About engine;                          An engine or motor is a machine,designed to convert one form of energy into mechanical energy.Heat engine burn a fuel to create heat, which is then used to create a force. Electric motors convert electrical energy into mechanical motion; pneumatic motors use compressed air and clockwise motors in wind up toys use elastic energy. In biological systems, molecular motors, like myosins in muscles, use chemical energy to create forces and eventually motion.  TYPES OF ENGINE (i). External combustion engine: In external combustion engine, the combustion of fuel takes place outside the engine. Example: steam engine.(ii). Internal combustion engine: In internal combustion engine, the combustion of fuel takes place inside the engine. Two stroke and four stroke petrol and diesel engine are the examples of internal combustion engine. 1.The I.C. engines are classified on the following basis: (i). Reciprocating engine: In reciprocating engine, there is a piston and cylinder, the piston does reciprocating (to and Fro) motion within the cylinder. Due to the reciprocating motion of the piston, it is called reciprocating engine. 2 stroke and four stroke engines are the common examples of reciprocating engine. (ii). Rotary engine: In rotary engine, the rotor does rotary motion to produce power. There is no reciprocating motion. A rotor is present in the chamber which does rotary motion inside a chamber. Wankel rotary engine , turbine engines are the rotary types of engine. 2. Types of Fuel Used On the basis of types of fuel used, the engine is classified as petrol engine, diesel engine and gas engine. (i). Petrol engine: The engine which uses petrol for its working is called petrol engine. (ii). Diesel engine: The engine which uses diesel for its working is called diesel engine. (iii). Gas engine: An engine using gas fuel for the working is called gas engine. 3.Cycle of Operation On the basis of cycle of operation the engine types are: (i). Otto cycle engine: These types of engine works on Otto cycle. (ii). Diesel cycle engine: The engine working on diesel cycle is called diesel cycle engine. (iii). Dual cycle engine or semi-diesel cycle engine: The engine that works on both diesel as well as Otto cycle is called dual cycle engine or semi diesel cycle engine. 4.Number of Strokes On the basis of number of stroke, the types of engine are: (i). Four Stroke Engine: It is an engine in which the piston moves four times i.e.2 upward (form BDC to TDC) and 2 downward (from TDC to BDC) movement in one cycle of power stroke is called four stroke engines. (ii). Two Stroke Engine: The engine in which the piston does two times motion i.e. one from TDC to BDC and other from BDC to TDC to produce a power stroke is called two stroke engines. (iii). Hot spot ignition engine: This type of engine is not in practical use. 5. Type of Ignition On the basis of ignition, the engines are classified as: (i). Spark ignition engine (S.I. engine): In spark ignition engine there is a spark plug which is fitted at the engine head. The spark plug produces spark after the compression of the fuel and ignites the air fuel mixture for the combustion. The petrol engines are spark ignition engine. (ii). Compression ignition engine (C.I. engine): In Compression ignition engine there is no spark plug at the cylinder head. The fuel is ignited by the heat of the compressed air. The diesel engines are compression ignition engine. 6. Number of Cylinders On the basis of number of cylinders present in the engine, the types of engine are: (i). Single cylinder engine: An engine which consists of single cylinder is called single cylinder engine. Generally the single cylinder engines are used in motorcycles, scooter, etc. (ii). Double cylinder engine: The engine which consists of two cylinders is called double cylinder engine.  (iii). Multi cylinder engine: An engine which consists of more than two cylinders is called multi cylinder engine. The multi cylinder engine may have three, four, six, eight, twelve and sixteen cylinder. 7. Arrangement of Cylinders On the basis of arrangement of cylinders the engines classification is: (i). Vertical engine: in vertical engines, the cylinders are arranged in vertical position as shown in the diagram. (ii). Horizontal engine: In horizontal engines, the cylinders are placed horizontal position as shown in the diagram given below. (iii). Radial engine:  The radial engine is reciprocating type internal combustion engine configuration in which the cylinders radiate outward from a central crankcase like the spokes of a wheel. When it is viewed from the front, it resembles a stylized star and is called a ‘star’ engine. Before the gas turbine engine is not become predominant, it is commonly used for aircraft engines. (iv). V-engine: In v types of engine, the cylinders are placed in two banks having some angle between them. The angle between the two banks is keep as small as possible to prevent vibration and balancing problem. (v). W type engine: In w type engines, the cylinders are arranged in three rows such that it forms W type arrangement. W type engine is made when 12 cylinder and 16 cylinder engines are produced. (vi). Opposed cylinder engine: In opposed cylinder engine, the cylinders are place opposite to each other. The piston and the connecting rod show identical movement. It is runs smoothly and has more balancing. The size of the opposed cylinder engine increase because of its arrangement. 8. Valve Arrangement  According to the valve arrangement of the inlet and exhaust valve in various positions in the cylinder head or block, the automobile engines are classified into four categories. These arrangements are named as ‘L’, ‘I’, ‘F’ and ‘T’.  It is easy to remember the word ‘LIFT’ to recall the four valve arrangement. (i). L-head engine: In these types of engine, the inlet and exhaust valves are arranged side by side and operated by a single camshaft. The cylinder and combustion chamber forms and inverted L. (ii). I-head engine: In I-head engines, the inlet and exhaust valves are located in the cylinder head. These types of engine are mostly used in automobiles. (iii). F-head engine: It is a combination of I-head and F-head engines. In this, one valve usually inlet valve is in the head and the exhaust valve lies in the cylinder block. Both the sets of valve are operated by the single camshaft. (iv). T-head engine: In T-head engines, the inlet valve located at one side and the exhaust valve on other side of the cylinder. Here two camshafts are required to operate, one for the inlet valve and other one is for the exhaust valve. 9. Types of cooling On the basis of types of cooling, the engines are classified as: (i). Air cooled engines: In these engines, the air is used to cool the engines. In air cooled engines the cylinder barrels are separated and metal fins are used which provides radiating surface area that increase cooling. The air cooled engines are generally used in motorcycles and scooters. (ii). Water cooled engines: In water cooled engines, the water is used for the cooling of engine. Water cooled engines are used in cars, buses, trucks and other four wheeled vehicles, heavy duty motor vehicles. An anti-freezing agent is added in the water to prevent it from freezing during cold weather. Every water cooled engines has radiator for the cooling of hot water from the engine. Beside above types of engine, the internal combustion engine is also classified on the basis of the following. 1. Speed:  On the basis of speed, the types of engines are: (i). Low speed engine (ii). Medium speed engine (iii). High speed engine 2. Method of Fuel Injection On the basis of method of fuel injection the engines are classified as: (i). Carburetor engine (ii). Air injection engine (iii). Airless or solid injection engine 3. Method of Governing (i). Hit and miss governed engine: It is an engine type in which the entry of the fuel is controlled by the governor. It controls the speed of the engine by cutting off the ignition and fuel supply of the engine at very high speed. (ii).Quantitative governing: In this system of governing, the quality of charge (i.e. air-fuel ratio of the mixture) is kept constant. But the quantity of mixture supplied to the engine cylinder is varied by means of a throttle valve which is regulated by the centrifugal governor through rack and pinion arrangement. the part load efficiency of SI engine is poor because air fuel ratio remains constant even if we need low power (iii).Qualitative governing: In this system of governing, a control valve is fitted in the fuel delivery pipe, which controls the quantity of fuel to be mixed in the charge. The movement of control valve is regulated by the centrifugal governor through rack and pinion arrangement. part load efficiency of I C engine is good because we can use lean mixture and rich mixtures easily according to our requirement 4. Application (i). Stationary engine: Stationary engine is an engine in which its framework does not move. It is used to drive immobile equipment like pump, generator, mill or factory machinery etc. (ii). Automotive engine: These are the types of engines which are used in automobile industries. For example: petrol engine, diesel engine, gas engine are internal combustion engines falls in the category of automotive engine. (iii). Locomotive engine: The engines which are used in trains are called locomotive engines. (iv). Marine engine: The engines which are used in marines for boat or ship propulsion is called marine engine. (v). Aircraft engine: Types of engine which are used in aircraft is called aircraft engine. Radial and gas turbine engines are used in aircraft propulsion.

Sijo

Sijo

 

#42 Gear Pair Problem

Mechanics Corner
    A Journal of Applied Mechanics and Mathematics by DrD, # 42
    © Machinery Dynamics Research, 2017
Gear Pair Problem     
Introduction     In this post, I want to discuss a seemingly simple problem currently being discussed at Physics Forums (PF). The original question, posed by someone, perhaps a student but perhaps not, is quoted below:
     
So, we have a pinion and a gear. I give an input torque Tp in the clockwise direction. Therefore, the pinion will rotate with ωp angular velocity in clockwise and the gear ωg in counter-clockwise. There is a load TL against the gear motion. The bearing friction both in pinion and gear are considered by means of linearly-viscous damping coefficients cp and cg for pinion and gear, respectively. The friction between the gear mesh is neglected at this point. The moments of inertia of the pinion and the gear are Ip and Ig, respectively. Moreover, the radii of the pinion and the gear are rp and rg, respectively. My question is what the output torque To is because I want to find the efficiency of this gear pair.
I have tried four options for To and simulated them in MATLAB, but I have not found the correct results yet. Followings are the explanation of each option I tried for To.     The sketch in Figure 1 and the two paragraphs following are exactly as posted by the original questioner. There follows on PF a long sequence of responses and more questions, but he still seems no closer to understanding what is going on. Let us see what we can do to help him.
    Before someone thinks badly of me for not helping him, let me say that I did give several hints, but the rules of PF forbid me to actually post an analysis. I have been severely scolded in the past for doing just that. 42 Gear Pair Problem.pdf

DrD

DrD

 

Sickle Innovations

Agriculture is the backbone of the strong economy. Agriculture is demographically the broadest sector and plays an important role in the overall economic development in India since India ranks second worldwide in farm outputs. So, this is another Mechanical Startup Story from the Agriculture based start-up Sickle Innovations. Sickle Innovations started in 2014 by the encouragement of Centre for Product Design and Manufacturing and Indian Institute of Science Bangalore. Since in Indian demographic scenario, not the availability of farm labors, low profits and labor drudgery problems are encountered frequently, the aim of the startup involves developing innovative mechanization solutions through Design Thinking. The startup's website goes as follows http://www.sickle.in/ The mango stem and transport it safely to the ground with the product name Hectare. The Cotton Picking Machine; being the second largest producer of cotton, challenges such as manual labor, intensive labor health problems have to be tackled by cotton producers. This handheld machine was developed by the company with patented technology that can double labor efficiency and enhances farmer income by 50%. The design eliminates injuries from cotton bur pricks and is self-powered fully automatic harvesting machine. Being the world's largest producer of milk and bovine population 3 times larger than USA, milk production per cow/buffalo is lower.Imported machines cannot suffice the need of country environments and cow breeds.Hence, the design of the company's machine keeps full potential with the local scenario.  Hence, startups are equally important when it comes to tackling small or huge problems in day to day scenario with innovative simple solutions. Keep Going Ahead and Keep Bringing Innovative Ideas!!!

Shalini Chakraborty

Shalini Chakraborty

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