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Erica Zhu Feilong Jiangli

What is an automobile shock absorber?

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In order to accelerate the vibration attenuation of the frame and body and improve the ride comfort of the vehicle, vibration absorbers are installed in the suspension system of most automobiles. Both the shock absorber and the elastic element are installed in parallel.

Hydraulic shock absorbers are widely used in vehicle suspension systems. The principle of the hydraulic shock absorber is that the oil in the shock absorber shell flows repeatedly from one cavity to another through some narrow cavities when the piston moves in the cylinder cylinder when the driver and the bridge move reciprocating relative to each other. At this time, the friction between the hole wall and the oil and the internal friction of the liquid molecule form a damping force to the vibration, so that the vibration energy of the body and the frame is converted into heat energy, which is absorbed by the oil and shock absorber shell, and then emitted into the air. The damping force of the shock absorber increases or decreases with the relative velocity of the frame and the axle, and is related to the viscosity of the oil. Therefore, it is required that the viscosity of the oil used in the shock absorber should be as little as possible affected by the temperature change, and has the properties of anti-vaporization, anti-oxidation and non-corrosion to various metal and non-metal parts.

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