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Mechanical Engineering
Osama Khayal


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Utilization of renewable energy resources not only generates useful energy but also aids in climate change mitigation. Energy development in Sudan has always been slow and the current generation only covers less than half of the total demand. Although multiple renewable energy resources are available, but due to the low economy all the types of energy systems cannot be developed together. The government seems to be perplexed in choosing the best among the alternatives as all the alternatives seems to be important and feasible. It becomes very important to prioritize them based on the population needs, resource availability, technical capability and environmental friendliness. Furthermore, it is also crucial to identify all the influencing actors that have major impacts on the development of energy systems in Sudan. This research identifies the most important actors, factors for exploitation of solar energy which could be guidelines for the policy makers and researchers during the development of energy systems not only in Sudan but also applicable to other developing countries. Present huge energy demands particularly from the residential and agricultural sectors are causing more pressure on Sudan already crippling economy. For a country like Sudan, solar energy according to the study acquires a huge potential in terms of contributing to the energy sector and development of the country altogether. However, the study also identifies how solar energy potential is being challenged by country lack of incentives and current policies. With present circumstances, off-grid solar energy systems (e.g. Stand-alone Photo-Voltaic systems), could play a large role in making a positive change to the country and its development. Many successful solar projects implemented in neighboring countries should be encouraging Sudan to follow the same experience. With having supporting policies along with various mechanisms of securing financing under a transparent cooperative context between various stakeholders could serve as a roadmap in promoting such a valuable technology in which Sudan is in desperate need of it.


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