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Mechanical Engineering
Osama Khayal

THE AVAILABILITY OF WIND ENERGY IN THE AFRICAN CONTINENT

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Wind is a form of renewable energy, which is always in a non-steady state due to the wide temporal and spatial variations of wind velocity depending on atmospheric pressures. Data concerning wind speed in different regions in Africa have been compiled, evaluated and presented in this article. In order to estimate the actual available wind power, wind observations over several decades from dense station networks or high resolution wind modeling would be required. Both are not available in Africa. Therefore, for this study the potential wind power energy has been estimated instead. It is based on re-analysis data provided by the European Centre of Medium-Range Weather Forecast (ECMWF). This paper presents the background and ideas of the development of the concept as well as the main results, and experience gained during ongoing projects. In Africa, various designs of wind machines for different engineering applications  have been developed and some designs are presently manufactured commercially. Results suggest that wind power would be more profitably used for local and small-scale applications especially for remote rural areas. It is concluded that Africa is blessed with abundant wind energy which needs to be exploited perfectly

THE AVAILABILITY OF WIND ENERGY IN THE AFRICAN CONTINENT.pdf

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