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Showing most liked content since 03/28/2017 in Images

  1. 6 likes

    From the album Engineering images

    The above diagram is for a Caterpillar series 3600 turbo charged after cooled engine. As can be seen from the timing diagram, the induction stroke commences when the inlet valve opens 10° before TDC when air is drawn into the cylinder as the piston moves down. The inlet valve closes 1° before BDC. The air is now trapped in the cylinder and as the piston rises on the compression stroke, the air is compressed. As the air is compressed, it rises in temperature. When the piston reaches 19° before TDC, the injection of fuel commences and continues until 73° after TDC. The heat in the compressed air ignites the fuel and combustion takes place. The gases expand forcing the piston down on the power stroke. The exhaust valves opens at 26° before BDC and the exhaust gases commence and are discharged as the piston rises on the exhaust stroke. Most of the exhaust gases have been discharged as the piston nears TDC. However, at 10° before TDC, the inlet valve opens and air enters the cylinder and helps discharge any remaining exhaust gases until the exhaust valve closes at 3° after TDC. The whole cycle is then repeated. Both the exhaust valve and inlet valve are open from 10° before TDC to 3° after TDC, an overlap of 13°. This is referred to as “valve overlap” and ensures that all the exhaust gases are discharged from the cylinder and the cylinder receives a fresh charge of air to make it more efficient when combustion next takes place. Therefore there is one power stroke for every cycle or two revolutions of the crankshaft.
  2. 5 likes

    From the album Gears

    Planetary gear sets contain three major components or members. They are: • The Ring Gear or Annulus which has internal teeth and wraps around the entire assembly. • The Sun Gear (shown above in orange) which is the smallest gear and sits in the center of the assembly. The planetary pinions orbit around the sun gear, hence the name of the gear set. • The Planetary Carrier (shown above in yellow) which holds a set of Planetary Pinion Gears. The Pinion Gears (shown above in green) interact with the Ring Gear and the Sun Gear at the same time.
  3. 4 likes
    saurabhjain

    turbofan engine

    From the album Engines

    The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that finds wide use in aircraft propulsion. As all the air taken in by a turbojet passes through the turbine (through the combustion chamber), in a turbofan some of that air bypasses the turbine. A turbofan thus can be thought of as a turbojet being used to drive a ducted fan, with both of those contributing to the thrust
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    saurabhjain

    Worm drive

    From the album Engineering images

    A worm drive is a gear arrangement in which a worm (which is a gear in the form of a screw) meshes with a worm gear (which is similar in appearance to a spur gear, and is also called a worm wheel).Like other gear arrangements, a worm drive can reduce rotational speed or allow higher torque to be transmitted. Unlike with ordinary gear trains, the direction of transmission (input shaft vs output shaft) is not reversible when using large reduction ratios, due to the greater friction involved between the worm and worm-wheel, when usually a single start (one spiral) worm is used Worm drives are used in presses, in rolling mills, in conveying engineering, in mining industry machines, and on rudders. In addition, milling heads and rotary tables are positioned using high-precision duplex worm drives with adjustable backlash. Worm gears are used on many lift- (in US English known as elevator) and escalator-drive applications due to their compact size and the non-reversibility of the gear
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    saurabhjain

    Oxygen sensor

    From the album automobile part and engineering

    Every new car, and most cars produced after 1980, have an oxygen sensor. The sensor is part of the emissions control system and feeds data to the­ engine management computer. The goal of the sensor is to help the engine run as efficiently as possible and also to produce as few emissions as possible. A gasoline engine burns gasoline in the presence of oxygen. It turns out that there is a particular ratio of air and gasoline that is "perfect," and that ratio is 14.7:1 (different fuels have different perfect ratios -- the ratio depends on the amount of hydrogen and carbon found in a given amount of fuel). If there is less air than this perfect ratio, then there will be fuel left over after combustion. This is called a rich mixture. Rich mixtures are bad because the unburned fuel creates pollution. If there is more air than this perfect ratio, then there is excess oxygen. This is called a lean mixture. A lean mixture tends to produce more nitrogen-oxide pollutants, and, in some cases, it can cause poor performance and even engine damage. Th­e oxygen sensor is positioned in the exhaust pipe and can detect rich and lean mixtures. The mechanism in most sensors involves a chemical reaction that generates a voltage.The engine's computer looks at the voltage to determine if the mixture is rich or lean, and adjusts the amount of fuel entering the engine accordingly.
  12. 2 likes

    From the album Watch Escapements Diagrams & Pictures

    The diagram below shows the typical gear train of a watch. The escapement of a watch begins with the escape wheel. Next you will have the pallet. The pallet makes contact with the balance wheel as shown in the diagram. The balance wheel swings back and forth and with each swing locks and unlocks the pallet as it engages the escape wheel. This arc-of-motion can range from 18,000 beats per hour to as much as 28,000 beats per hour on some wrist watches.
  13. 1 like
    saurabhjain

    Jigs and fixtures

    From the album Engineering images 10

    What are Jigs? Jigs are the work holding device which holds, supports and locate the workpiece and guides tools to perform a specific operation. In other words we can say that, jigs are the device which is used for both purposes of holding the workpiece and guiding the tool. It is a tool which is used to control the location and motion of the tool during the operations. Jigs main purpose is to provide repeatability, accuracy and interchangeability in the manufacturing of products. It is used in the unidimensional machining i.e drilling, taping, reaming etc. Jigs are found to be light in weight and have complex designing. In jigs, gauge blocks are not necessary and the cost of jigs is higher. They are the special tools particularly used in drilling, reaming, tapping and boring Operations. Jigs are not fixed to the machine table until a big operation is not required to perform. What are Fixtures? Fixtures are the work holding device which holds, supports and locate the workpiece but not guides the cutting tool to perform a specific operation. In other words the fixtures are only the work holding device that holds, supports and locate the workpiece in desried position to perform any operation. The main purpose of the fixtures is to hold and locate the workpiece during any machining operation in the industries. And to provide repeatability, accuracy and interchangeability in the manufacturing of products. It is used in multidimensional machining i.e. milling, grinding, turning etc. Fixtures are found to be heavy in weight and have less complex designing. In fixtures, gauge blocks may be provided for effective handling and the cost of fixtures is not so high. Fixtures are specific tools used particularly in milling machine, shapers and slotting machine. Fixtures are fixed to the machine table. Difference Between Jigs and Fixtures in Tabular Form: The various difference between jigs and fixtures in the tabular form are given below: S.no Jigs Fixtures 1. It is a work holding device that holds, supports and locates the workpiece and guides the cutting tool for a specific operation. It is a work holding device that holds, supports and locates the workpiece for a specific operation but does not guide the cutting tool 2. jigs are used in unidimensional machining i.e. drilling,reaming, tapping, etc fixtures are used in multidimensional machining i.e. milling,turning,grinding,etc . 3. Jigs are light in weight. Fixtures are rigid and bulky. 4. Gauge blocks are not necessary. Gauge blocks may be provided for effective handling. 5. The jigs are special tools particularly used in drilling, reaming, tapping and boring operation. Fixtures are specific tools used particularly in milling machine, shapers and slotting machine 6. Usually it is not fixed to the machine table. It is fixed to the machine table. 7. Its cost is more. Its cost is less as compared with the jig. 8. Their designing is complex. Their designing is less complex. Summary of Difference Between Jigs and Fixtures Jigs are the device which is used to holds, supports and locate the workpiece and it guides the cutting tool for a specific operation. Fixtures are the device which is used to hold, support and locate the workpiece and they don’t guide the cutting tool. Jigs are used in unidimensional machining whereas fixtures are used in multidimensional machining. In jigs, gauge blocks is not necessary. In fixtures gauge blocks may provided for effective handling. Jigs are light in weight as compared with the fixtures. The cost of jigs is higher when it is compared with the fixtures. The jigs designing is complex where as fixtures designing is less complex. Jigs are not fitted to the machine table but fixtures are fitted.
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