Mechanical Engineering

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1. Energy savings from partial pipe insulation

https://energyfreakshow.com/2013/01/27/dont-insulate-your-hot-water-pipes/ In short, hot water didnot stored in pipes. New Water tanks already have proper insulation.
2. Linear actuator

Could be electromagnetic from solenoid. no current, no magnetic force. energized with current, solenoid produce magnetic force that move the pin laterally. google the term, solenoid actuator. Plenty of commercial product as well.
3. Optimization constraint function ideas

Stress and deflections are primarily function of diameter. Buckling could be said combination of both diameter and thickness. Stiffness (for vibration) primarily function of diameter. Mass (and material costs) primarily function of thickness.
4. Tackles...

Also, adding more pulley means that the vertical movement reduced for each additional pulley. using 1 pulley, F = W, you move F 1 m, you get W lifted for 1 m. using 2 pulley, F = W/2, you move F 1 m, you get W lifted for only 0.5 m. using 3 pulley, F = W/3, you move F 1 m, you get W lifted for only 0.333 m. But mostly, what DrD said.... friction
5. Why all news graduate engineer have to suffer for job

Wait until you work for a while and realize that most the "mechanical engineers" can't grasp the basic concept of mechanics, fluid mechanics and any basic subjects of mechanical engineering. They won't bother about anything that don't involve money. But they positioned higher than you and obviously better salaried than you.
6. Want to know about Go kart Analysis

Vi= 45 km/h = 12.5 m/s Vf= 0 km/h = m/s t = 0.2 sec (industrial standards) m = 5 x m_original = ... (5g thingy) Impulse F x dt = m x (Vi - Vf) Applied load F to front end of the chassis.
7. is this formula ok?

It should be E not E^2. Other than that it looks correct. Established books make mistakes (albeit rarely). Here's for other potentially conflicting reference https://www.machinemfg.com/load-analysis-driven-power-calculation-symmetrical-3-roll-plate-bending-machine/ I've seen very rare occasion where constants do have dimensional units. (I recall a book by Niemann on Design of Machine Elements, the original German edition) Niemann & Hirt, Maschinenelemente Volume 1: Konstruktion und Berechnung von Verbindungen, Lagern, Wellen Volume 2: Getriebe allgemein, Zahnradgetriebe - Grundlagen, Stirnradgetriebe Volume 3: Schraubrad-, Kegelrad-, Schnecken-, Ketten-, Riemen-, Reibradgetriebe, Kupplungen, Bremsen, Freiläufe Never seen it in American books or European books using SI units. There are occasions that constants have dimensional units in practical standards/codes as well. But that's a different story.
8. can pump run with AIR/Gas

Can you use ur feet to write? with some practice you can. It may never be better than your hand writing, but you can have a decent feet writing.
9. Force/Torque on a cylindrical system

I think this problem goes to T = J x alpha = J x dw/dt But yeah, DrD is correct. Without braking torque, since dw/dt =0, this equation is lacking something.
10. How can I manufacture this spiral slide?

I think that was made by 3D printing.
11. Flow visualization on a flat plate

Google these terms: boundary layer laminar flow point of separation

This is a professional engineering report on its own. You can’t expect this for a free.
13. How do I overcome self doubt in obtaining my engineering degree?

Give you perspective from other way. Unlike a PhD program, both for undergraduate and Master degree program, you can’t be failed by your professor (unless you are very unlucky or very dumb). The only reason of failing is you giving up. In PhD program, you could be failed by your professor during your thesis defense.
14. linear actuator rod extension

What your purpose? Additional length means additional applied force and bending moment. You need to check the working stress on the screwed connection.

You can always change/transfer to other division. But never mention this to your recruiter/hiring manager. The ideal answer would be: the position that you offering is the best position for me and I would love to learn further and do the job at that position.
16. How would you scale this?

For a very simple analysis, You need to maintain working stress if you using the same shaft material. Stress = applied moment x shaft radius / shaft inertia Applied load (moment, M) are in scale with R^3. (cube of blade radius, could be approximated by the ice cream space) shaft radius, r define the dimension. shaft inertia, I defined as pi x r^3 x t for thin hollow cylinder shaft. t = thickness. Let's say initially for a 1 m x 1 m x 1 m, you use 100 mm diameter shaft with thickness 5 mm. If you want to make the ice cream space larger to 2 m x 2 m x 2 m, i.e. 8 times the volume, you need 283 mm diameter shaft, with thickness 5 mm. You need to consider further whether 5 mm thickness suitable for larger shaft (consider buckling analysis)
17. I need help guide for a mechanical project related to mechanics and design

Identify the load. In this case, wind load. Wind load could be calculated from ASCE 7 or EN 1991-1-4 or other relevant codes. The wind load (essentially pressure) multiply by effective area (5m x 2m of signboard in your drawing) to get a working wind force. Multiply this with 3 m height, to get working moment at the base. Let say using structural steel with yield strength of 240 MPa, safety factors 3, you get allowable working stress of 80 MPa. Check the cross-sectional properties (second moment area, radius, thickness) to get this allowable working stress. Stress = M x r / I For a thin cylinder, I = pi x r^3 x thickness. Then you get the dimension needed for the pole/support.
18. ANSYS MECHANICAL

Chill down, the deformation often could be ignored in static simulation. Just make sure it not over than the safety stress limit. (material strength divided by a safety factor designated by standard/code/common practices).
19. Measurement and Instrumentation

You are limited by the measurement equipment sensitivity/accuracy/limit. Ruler limited to 1 mm, for example. I f someone measure with ruler and report it as 7.1 mm... that's bull.
20. Mechanical properties question

Thin materials (sheet) have higher strength (albeit minor) than same thicker ones (rod or bulk). Strength is stress/pressure, i.e. force per area. You thin material is stronger stress-wise but actually weaker force-wise. Depends on what's your material (sheet, rod or bulk), you make design based on the listed value.
21. Reeling Motor Project - Help!

Electrical motor not really my thing. But check this for torque vs rpm relations for an electrical motor. http://lancet.mit.edu/motors/motors3.html You could conclude that that maximum output power occurs at [T] = ½, and [W] = ½ repectively. First you need to check the catalog/information of each motor, for stall torque and no-load speed () Say you use the BEMONOC = 12000 rpm motor ( = ???), it will perform the best at 6000 rpm. The maximum power is the product of ½ x ½ (roughly) Greartisan motor have = 200 rpm? ( = 0.2157463 N.m?), it will perform the best at 100 rpm. The maximum power is the product of ½ x ½(roughly) Generally, Find the one with the highest maximum power. In this case, it seems that the BEMONOC is better for your purpose, although a bit worry about the high rpm. (Make sure what's the load needed to reel, you don't want to flip the mechanism) ===== Unless you found that the manufacturers defined it differently in the catalog. For example I use this DC motor DMN-29 BA ( = 5000 rpm, = 30 mN.m) The catalog mention a specific rated torque and rpm, instead of 1/2 of the defined stall torque and no-load speed. The catalog said that the rated power at 0.42 A, should be the product of 3700 rpm and 7.8 mN.m = 3.02 W. Regarding speed reduction, the gear ratio will change the torque-rpm curve. See example from TG-201A-EU DC motor below. Gear ratio 1: 12.1 -> rpm 358 rpm, T 19.6 mN.m Gear ratio 1: 129 -> rpm 34.8 rpm, T 147 mN.m Again, compare which motor has higher power (½ x ½)
22. Starting career as Mechanical Engineer in USA

Learn to write properly? American companies won’t give a job to someone not American, with likely half-decent English, weely neely. Did you see how many unemployed people in the street? Sorry to say this bluntly.
23. Hydraulic press for tube flattening

https://www.thefabricator.com/article/stamping/ask-the-expert-how-do-i-calculate-press-tonnage-for-swaging- Force = Final flat area x Ultimate tensile strength x 1.2. This example part uses 1-inch-diameter ASTM A 500 tube (assumption thickness 0.063 inch). The nominal tensile strength of this material is 45,000 pounds per square inch. Following is the process for completing the calculations: Flattened area of rod = 2.5 sq. in. (again, assumption!) Tensile stress = 45,000 PSI Compressive strength = 1.2 x Tensile strength = 1.2 x 45,000 = 54,000 PSI Flattening force = Area x Compressive strength = 2.5 x 54,000 = 135,000 lbf. Flattening force in tons = 135,000/2,000 = 67.5 US tons Never use a press that is rated for the exact amount of required tonnage you have calculated. Always add a minimum of 20 percent for safety. In this case, the minimum press tonnage should be 81 to 91.
24. Boiler Moisture Loss Question.

The enthalpy reading must use the same source with the questions. i.e. question from book X must use enthalpy reading from book X. Book Y will give different reading.
25. If some of you know or experienced with fluid (air, water, oil, etc) come here

This means "pressure vessel", right? You need to design the pressure vessel based on your usage (dimension, materials, fluid density, corrosive-ness, etc.) The design shall follow ASME Section VIII. The output is what is the wall thickness, welding location/throat, flange dimension/thickness, openings and other accessories (faucets, valve, etc.). I had done one design for a client company that plan to use it for sewage water treatment a few years ago. Service comes at a cost, though.
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